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Hemodynamics Management

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23 years old male with mental status changes, tachycardia and suppressed TSH level.

Based on the above echocardiogram his ventricular function is:

  • 0%Normal

  • 0%Mildly decreaded

  • 0%Moderately decreased

  • 0%Severely decreased

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Post cardiac arrest, CPR 15 min , ROSC achieved

Mazen Kherallah

I think the proper is flipped

The large akentic chamber in the left has thick wall similar to LV


VExUS for evaluation of venous congestion in a patient with mixed cardiogenic and distributive shock, acute respiratory failure, bibasilar infiltrates, and acute kidney injury.

Step 1: IVC diameter is 2.5 cm

Step 2: hepatic vein doppler assessment showing reversal of the systolic wave.

Ibrahim Ameen
Hayat Sahlool
Ibrahim Ameen
Ibrahim Ameen
Nov 25, 2023

Very beautiful demonstration

It helps to suggest offloading rather than fluid resuscitation

It requires stady hands and minimal pt movement (abd wise) in order to catch the image in PW mode

If my memory serves me right, there were only limited data from multiple case report

No strong data to suggest outcome

Yet a useful tool to add on for the management

If we have research, i think mortality outcome, Cr trend, O2 requirements, vasopressors doses would be excellent markers for monitoring

Thank you Dr Mazen for your amazing continuous contribution to enriching our knowledge


Bedside echocardiography showing severely depressed LV function!


Severe mitral valve regurgitation:

The mitral valve is a leaflets valve that separates the left atrium from the left ventricle. The valve opens to allow blood flow from the atrium to the ventricle during diastole, and closes to prevent backflow from the ventricle to the atrium during systole. MR occurs when the mitral valve does not close properly, resulting in leakage of blood back into the left atrium during systole. This results in volume overload of the left atrium, which can lead to left atrial enlargement and, ultimately, left ventricular dysfunction.

Sofyan Moubarak
Nov 09, 2022

What is vena contracts ?


Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is a parameter of global right ventricular function. TAPSE is the displacement of the tricuspid annulus in systole, normally about 18-22 mm. It is measured by M-mode echocardiography with the curser over the lateral aspect of the tricuspid annulus. Measure the distance of the maximal longitudinal displacement and obtain the average of three consecutive cardiac cycles. TAPSE correlates well with other measures of right ventricular function such as RV ejection fraction. TAPSE can be used to diagnose pulmonary embolism, as it is significantly reduced in patients with PE. TAPSE can also be used to assess response to therapies for PE and determine prognosis. Place the M-mode cursor over the lateral aspect of the tricuspid annulus. Measure the distance of the maximal longitudinal displacement. Calculate the average of three consecutive cardiac cycles


Diastolic heart function refers to the filling of the ventricles with blood during diastole, or the relaxation phase of the heart. Diastolic dysfunction occurs when the ventricles do not fill properly or evenly. Estimating diastolic heart function is important in order to diagnose and treat this condition. Echocardiography is a non-invasive imaging technique that can be used to estimate diastolic function. Doppler velocity echocardiography is a specific type of echocardiography that uses sound waves to measure blood flow velocity. E wave represents the peak velocity blood flow from left ventricular relaxation in early diastole (correspond to the V wave on CVP waveform), and the A wave represents the peak velocity flow in late diastole caused by atrial contraction (correspond to the A wave on CVP waveform). The E wave is normally higher than the A wave with a normal E/A ratio of ≥0.8. E/A ratio is a marker of the…

Ashwaq Ali
Mohamad Almousa

Echo was done by on of the IM residents in the ICU at the bedside, what do you think of the cardiac function?

Mazen Kherallah
Mazen Kherallah
Apr 16, 2022

Limited echo due the technique but shows severely depressed biventricular function! Bedside echocardiogram by the intensivist may add valuable information that can help in the management of the patient.

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